Tenses

Present Tenses Rules, Sentences with Flashcards

The Present Tense

  • The Simple Present Tense

We use the simple present tense to state a general fact, habit or a routine. We can make sentences in simple present tense by using the base form of the verb When using verb in the simple present tense, we use a plural verb with a singular noun (0r pronoun) and a singular verb with a plural noun (0r pronoun).

Example:

Plural Noun / Pronouns Singular Verb
Sam and I (We) watch cartoons.
Singular Noun / Pronoun Plural Verb
Linda (She) bakes cakes.

 

  • The Present Continuous Tense

We use the present continuous tense when

we want to state something that is happening right now. In the present continuous tense we use helping verb is with singular nouns (or pronouns) and are with plural nouns (or pronouns). In the present continuous tense we use the present participle form of the verb by adding “ing” at the end.

Example:

Singular Noun / Pronoun Helping Verb Verb + ing
I am washing clothes.
Jack (He) is cleaning the

window.

Plural Noun / Pronoun
The children (They) are playing in the yard.
  • The Present Perfect Tense

We use the present perfect tense to express an action that has been completed. It doesn’t matter when that action began or how long ago it ended. What is important is that it stands completed at this present time. It can be used to describe an experience or denote change. In the present perfect tense we use helping verb has with singular nouns (or pronouns) and have with plural nouns (or pronouns). In the present perfect tense we use the past participle form of the verb.

Example:

Noun / Pronoun Helping Verb Third form of the verb
I have completed my work.
You have eaten my chocolates.
Norman (he) has gone to England.
Mom (she) has cooked pasta tonight.

 

The Present Perfect Continuous Tense

We use the present perfect continuous tense to link a past action with the present. The continuous form stresses on the duration of the action, which means that the action started some time ago in the past, but has not ended yet and is still going on. In present perfect continuous tense we use the words has been with singular nouns (or pronouns) and have been with plural nouns

(or pronouns). In the present perfect continuous tense we use the present participle form of the verb by adding ‘ing” at the end.

Example:

Noun / Pronoun Helping Verb Verb + ing
I have been driving for four hours.
Tony and I (we) have been making posters since morning
Mona (she) has been painting pots all day.
Dad (he) has been watering the plants for an hour.
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Present Simple Sentences

Present continuous Sentences

Present Perfect Sentences

Present Perfect Continuous Sentences

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