Parts of speech are the different categories or types of words that serve specific functions in a sentence. Understanding these parts of speech is crucial for constructing sentences correctly and conveying meaning effectively. They include nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Nouns represent people, places, things, or ideas, while verbs express actions or states of being. Adjectives describe or modify nouns, and adverbs provide additional information about verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Pronouns replace nouns, prepositions show relationships between words, conjunctions connect words or phrases, and interjections express emotions. By mastering the parts of speech, you can enhance your writing and communication skills in English.
A Noun is a word used as the name of a person, place, thing, quality, state/condition/position/attitude/action, etc.
|lalil is a boy.||Lalil, boy|
|The sun shines in the sky.||Sun, sky.|
|Lift is a game.||Lift, game.|
A Pronoun is a word used in place of a Noun or Noun Phrase e.g.
|Anil is absent as he (Anil) is ill.||he|
|Sara is happy because her father with her.||her|
|Sara and Ali taking their breakfast.||their|
- I, we’ are First Person Pronouns
- You, thou’ are Second Person Pronouns
- He, she, it, they, are Third Person Pronouns.
An Adjective is a word that expresses some quality of a Noun or Pronoun or adds something to their meaning, e.g.
|Sunita is a bold girl.
|Sonu’s mother is a kind lady.
|Ashoka was a great king.
A Verb is a word that expresses an action or fact.
|Rani sings a song.||sings|
|The children are going.||going.|
|Mohan will help you||help|
An Adverb is a word that adds something to the meaning of a Verb.
|You are really sincere.||really|
|She answered the call much hastily.||much|
|He often makes mistake.||often|
A Preposition is a word which is put before a noun or pronoun in order to show some relation between them.
|The lamp is on the table.||on|
|She fell into the well.||into|
|Mohan gives respect to me.||to|
A Conjunction is n word that joins words, sentence, phrases or clauses.
|One and one makes two.||and|
|Meeru wept as she saw me.||as|
|A wealthy man and a healthy man were friends.||and|
An Interjection is a word or phrase used to express some sudden feelings of wonder, joy, sorrow, annoyance, etc.
|Alas! Her husband is dead.||Alas!|
|Hurrah! We have won the match.||Hurrah!|
|Ah! Has Rekha stood first?||Ah!|
Parts of Speech with Examples and Exercise with PDF