“Articles, A, An, The” are an essential part of English grammar that can often be confusing for learners. Understanding their usage is crucial for effective communication and can help improve your writing and speaking skills. In this article, we’ll explore the different types of articles and their usage with examples.
‘a‘, ‘an‘, and ‘ the‘ are called articles.
Uses of ‘a’ and ‘an‘
We use ‘a’ and ‘an‘ with singular countable nouns.
We use a word at beginning with the consonant sound.
e.g. a book, a university, a young man, a table, etc.
We use ‘an‘ with a word beginning with a vowel sound.
e.g. an elephant, an hour, an heir, an orange, etc.
Use of ‘the‘
- Unique things.
For example: the sun, the moon, the sky, the environment, etc.
- Singular nouns representing the whole class.
For example: the rose, the computer, the teacher, the scientist, etc.
- Superlative degrees of adjectives.
For example: the tallest, the coldest, the most interesting thing, etc.
- Before adjectives used as nouns.
For example: the rich, the poor, the disabled, the unemployed, the brace, etc. Note: only few adjectives are used as nouns.
- Before names of newspapers, magazines,
For example: the Newsweek, the Time, etc.
- Before ordinals.
For example: the first, the next, the last, the third, etc.
- Before Holy Books.
For example: the Quran, the Bible, the Ramayana. etc.
- Before the nouns which are in context.
For example: the window, the kitchen, the door, the TV, etc.
- When a thing is mentioned the second time.
For example: I collided with a tree. The tree was in the center of the road.
I met a boy yesterday the boy could speak many languages fluently.
Omission of ‘the’
- before proper nouns
- before abstract nouns
- before material nouns
- before names of meals
- before names of languages
- before names of relations
- before names of games
- before names of diseases
- before names of colors
- before fixed phrases, e.g. by bus, by air, catch fire, in trouble, in debt, at home, on duty, on time, etc.