Tenses

Past Tenses Rules, Sentences with Flashcards

The Past Tense

Past Simple Sentences Past Perfect Sentences Past Continuous Sentences

The Simple Past Tense

We use the simple past tense to state a fact or an action that has already taken place We use the simple past tense form of the verb with all nouns and pronouns

Examples:

Alex threw the ball at Kim.

We rode horses at the beach.

The Past Continuous Tense

We use the past continuous tense when we want to state something that was happening in the past (as it was happening). In the past continuous tense we use helping verb was with singular nouns (or pronouns) and were with plural nouns (or pronouns). In the past continuous tense we also use the present participle form of the verb and add “ing” at the end.

Example:

Singular Noun / Pronoun Helping Verb Verb + ing
Peter (he) was drinking

lemonade.

Plural Noun / Pronoun
Ron and Bob (they) were fishing at the lake.

The Past Perfect Tense

We use the past perfect tense when we want to relate two events which happened in the past. It emphasizes an action from the

past which finished before another action from the past began in the past perfect tense we use helping verb had with all nouns and pronouns, followed by the past participle form of the verb

Example:

Noun/ Pronoun Helping

Verb

Third form of the verb
I had typed the letter before Sam came.
You had left the party by the time 1 arrived.
The race (it) had started by four o’ clock yesterday.

The Past Perfect Continuous Tense

We use the past perfect continuous tense to talk about an action that started in the past and was still ongoing in the past. In the past perfect continuous tense we use the words had been with all nouns and pronouns followed by the present participle form of the verb by adding ‘ing’ at the end.

Noun/ Pronoun Helping

Verb

Verb + ing
I had

been

getting bored before my friends came over.
Mr. Brown (he) had

been

working on his car for two months when it got stolen.
The musicians (they) had

been

practicing for months when the concert was cancelled.
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Past Tenses Rules, Sentences with Flashcards