Parts of Foot Names in English

Parts of Foot Names in English
Parts of Foot Names in English

Knowing the Parts of Foot helps us understand how we stand, walk, and run. The foot has parts like the heel, arch, and toes. Each part has its own job in helping us move and keep our balance. When we know more about our feet, we can take better care of them and understand how they help us every day.

What is Foot?

The foot is the part at the bottom of your leg. It helps you walk, run, and stand. It has bones, muscles, and other stuff that make it work. Taking care of your feet by wearing good shoes and keeping them clean is important so you can move around easily and feel good.

Parts of Foot Names in English
Parts of Foot Names in English

Parts of Foot

It has three main parts:

1. Hindfoot

This includes the ankle and the heel. The ankle connects the leg, and the heel is the back part.

2. Midfoot

This is like the arch in the middle of the foot. It helps with shock absorption and supports its structure.

3. Forefoot

This is the front part of the foot, where the toes are. It helps with balance and pushing off the ground when walking or running.


The bridge of the foot refers to the curved area on top, between the ball of the foot and the ankle.


Toenails are the hard coverings at the end of each toe. They protect the toes and can be trimmed for hygiene.

Big Toe

The largest toe on it is typically located on the inner side. It plays a crucial role in balance and propulsion.

Little Toe

The smallest toe is on the outer side.


The arched middle part that often associated with the top part of the foot where the arch is located.


The arch is the curved structure on the bottom of the foot. It helps distribute body weight and provides shock absorption.


The back part of the foot, beneath the ankle. It supports the body’s weight and plays a significant role in walking.


The joint that connects the foot to the leg. It allows for up-and-down movement.

Achilles Tendon

A strong tendon that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is important for walking and running.

Middle Toe

One of the toes located between the big toe and the little toe.

Ring Toe

Another term for the fourth toe, which is the one next to the little toe.


The bottom surface of the foot that comes into contact with the ground.

Long Toe

This could refer to any toe that is longer than the others, commonly the second toe.


The technical term for the heel bone, the largest bone in the foot.

Understanding these parts helps in describing and addressing various foot-related concerns and conditions.


  1. Bones:
    • The foot consists of 26 bones, including the tibia and fibula of the lower leg.
    • These bones are grouped into three main parts: the hindfoot (ankle and heel), midfoot (arch), and forefoot (toes).
    • The tarsal bones make up the hindfoot, the metatarsals form the midfoot, and the phalanges constitute the forefoot.
  2. Joints:
    • Joints in the foot include the ankle joint, subtalar joint, and various joints between the tarsal, metatarsal, and phalangeal bones.
    • These joints provide flexibility and support for weight-bearing activities.
  3. Muscles:
    • Numerous muscles control movement and provide support.
    • Intrinsic muscles are located within the foot, while extrinsic muscles originate outside the foot and extend into it.
  4. Tendons:
    • Tendons connect muscles to bones and play a crucial role in foot movement.
    • The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone and is vital for walking and running.


The foot performs several essential functions in the human body:

  • Support and Weight Bearing: Supports the body’s weight, providing a stable foundation for activities like standing, walking, and running.
  • Shock Absorption: The arches of the foot act as natural shock absorbers, reducing the impact on joints and soft tissues during activities.
  • Balance and Propulsion: The foot contributes to maintaining balance and propelling the body forward during movements such as walking and running.
  • Sensation: The soles of the feet are rich in nerve endings, providing sensory feedback that helps with balance, spatial awareness, and coordination.

These functions are crucial for overall mobility and well-being. Proper care and attention, including wearing suitable footwear, exercising, and addressing any issues promptly, are important for maintaining these functions and preventing discomfort or injury.

Common Issues

  1. Plantar Fasciitis:
    • Inflammation of the tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes, causes heel pain.
  2. Bunions:
    • Deformities at the joint where the big toe meets the foot, leading to a bony bump.
  3. Flat Feet:
    • Lack of arch in the foot, potentially causing pain and discomfort.
  4. Achilles Tendonitis:
    • Inflammation of the Achilles tendon, often due to overuse or injury.
  5. Ingrown Toenails:
    • Toenails that grow into the skin, causing pain and infection.


  1. Proper Footwear:
    • Wearing shoes that provide proper support and fit is crucial for health.
  2. Regular Exercise:
    • Strengthening exercises and stretches can help maintain flexibility and strength.
  3. Good Hygiene:
    • Regular cleaning, drying, and trimming of toenails help prevent infections.
  4. Orthotics:
    • Custom or over-the-counter shoe inserts can provide additional support and alleviate certain conditions.
  5. Prompt Medical Attention:
    • Seeking medical advice for persistent pain, swelling, or any other concerning issues is important.

The human foot is a complex and remarkable structure that plays a vital role in our daily activities and overall well-being. Proper care and attention to health contribute to a person’s overall mobility and quality of life.


  1. What is the main function of the foot?
    • A) Hearing
    • B) Weight Bearing
  2. Which part connects the calf muscles to the heel bone?
    • A) Tibia
    • B) Achilles Tendon
  3. Where is the arch of the foot located?
    • A) Front
    • B) Middle
  4. What is the back part called?
    • A) Arch
    • B) Heel
  5. Which toe is typically the largest on the foot?
    • A) Little Toe
    • B) Big Toe
  6. What is the curved area on top of the foot between the ball and the ankle called?
    • A) Ridge
    • B) Bridge
  7. Which bone is known as the heel bone?
    • A) Femur
    • B) Calcaneus
  8. What part of the foot is associated with balance and propulsion during walking?
    • A) Instep
    • B) Sole
  9. Which joint connects to the leg?
    • A) Knee
    • B) Ankle
  10. What is the main function of the arch?
    • A) Absorbing Light
    • B) Shock Absorption
  11. Which tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone?
    • A) Hamstring
    • B) Achilles Tendon
  12. Where are toenails located on the foot?
    • A) Bottom
    • B) End of Toes
  13. What is the function of the arches during movement?
    • A) Producing Heat
    • B) Shock Absorption
  14. Which part is crucial for maintaining balance?
    • A) Little Toe
    • B) Arch
  15. What is the bottom surface that touches the ground called?
    • A) Topside
    • B) Sole


  1. B) Weight Bearing
  2. B) Achilles Tendon
  3. B) Middle
  4. B) Heel
  5. B) Big Toe
  6. B) Bridge
  7. B) Calcaneus
  8. A) Instep
  9. B) Ankle
  10. B) Shock Absorption
  11. B) Achilles Tendon
  12. B) End of Toes
  13. B) Shock Absorption
  14. B) Arch
  15. B) Sole

May You Also Like:

Parts of BP Apparatus Names in English with Their Functions

Parts of BP Apparatus Names in English with Their Functions

Parts of Car Names in English with Their Functions

Parts of Car Names in English with Their Functions