Parts of Leaf with Functions and Types

Parts of Leaf Names
Parts of Leaf Names

The Parts of Leaf are important for a plant. The main part is the leaf blade or lamina. This is the big, flat part that does most of the work like making food and breathing. The petiole is a small stick-like part that holds the leaf to the stem. This helps the leaf move and get more light. Veins are like small roads inside the leaf. They carry food and water and keep the leaf strong. Stipules are tiny parts at the bottom of the petiole. They can look different and do different things. All these parts work together to help the plant stay healthy and grow.

Parts of Leaf

Blade (Lamina)

The blade, or lamina, is the big, flat part of the leaf that is usually green. It’s where the plant makes its food using sunlight.


The midrib is the thick line that runs down the middle of the leaf. It helps to hold the leaf up and carry water and food back and forth.


The base is the part of the leaf that is closest to the stem or branch. It’s the spot where the leaf starts to spread out.


Stipules are small, leaf-like parts that can be found at the base where the leaf joins the stem. Not all plants have them, but they can protect the leaf when it’s still growing.


The petiole is like a little stick that connects the leaf blade to the plant’s stem. It helps the leaf to move and get more sunlight.


The stem is the main part that holds up the leaf and the rest of the plant. It acts like a tube for water and food to move through the plant.


The apex is the tip of the leaf, the part that points out the farthest from the stem. It’s the end of the leaf blade.


The margin is the edge of the leaf. It can be smooth, jagged, or have different patterns.


Veins are the lines you can see on the leaf blade. They are like little pipes that carry water and nutrients all through the leaf.


Venules are smaller lines that come off the veins. They help to spread the water and nutrients to all parts of the leaf.


The axil is the angle between the upper side of the stem and the leaf or branch that is growing out of it. It’s like a little pocket where you can sometimes find new flowers or leaves growing.

Parts of a Leaf
Parts of a Leaf


  • Making Food: Leaves use sunlight to make food for the plant through a process called photosynthesis.
  • Breathing: Leaves take in carbon dioxide from the air and release oxygen for us to breathe.
  • Water Release: Leaves release extra water from the plant into the air, a process known as transpiration.
  • Growth: Leaves can grow towards the light to help the plant get more of the sunlight it needs.
  • Protection: Some leaves have sharp edges or substances that help protect the plant from animals and insects.

Types of Leaves

  • Simple Leaves: These have one single blade on each stem. Examples include mango leaves and cherry leaves.
  • Compound Leaves: These have many small leaflets joined to a single stem. Examples are the leaves of a rose or clover.
  • Needle-like Leaves: Thin and pointy leaves that are good in cold places because they don’t lose much water. Pine trees have these kinds of leaves.
  • Scale-like Leaves: These are small and look like scales, helping to reduce water loss. Juniper and cypress trees have these leaves.
  • Spade-shaped Leaves: Wide and shaped like a spade, these are common in houseplants like the Chinese evergreen.
  • Oval Leaves: Rounded or egg-shaped leaves that are very common, like the leaves on apple trees.
  • Heart-shaped Leaves: These are shaped like a heart and can be found on plants like the redbud tree.
  • Lobed Leaves: These have deep indentations but are still one piece, like oak leaves or maple leaves.

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