Types of Motors: List of 20 Types of Motors in English

20 types of motors. Electric motors
types of motors

Electric motors are devices that convert electrical energy into mechanical energy. They are used in a wide variety of applications, from powering household appliances to driving industrial machinery. There are many different types of electric motors, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.

The two main types of electric motors are AC motors and DC motors. AC motors are powered by alternating current, while DC motors are powered by direct current. AC motors are more common than DC motors, and they are available in a wider range of sizes and power ratings.

Special purpose motors are a category of electric motors that are designed for specific applications. Some examples of special purpose motors include stepper motors, servo motors, and linear motors.

Types of motors: Ac motors

Ac motors can be classified into two categories:

Synchronous motors

Synchronous motors rotate at the same speed as the frequency of the AC power supply. This is because the rotor (the part of the motor that spins) is locked in step with the rotating magnetic field in the stator (the stationary part of the motor). Synchronous motors are used in applications where precise speed control is required, such as in industrial robots and medical equipment.

Types of synchronous motors are:

  • Reluctance motors
  • Hysteresis motors

Induction motors(asynchronous motors)

Induction motors rotate slightly slower than the frequency of the AC power supply. This is because the rotor is not locked in step with the rotating magnetic field in the stator. Induction motors are the most common type of AC motor, and they are used in a wide variety of applications, from powering household appliances to driving industrial machinery.

Types of Induction motors are:

  • Single phase
  • Three phase

Types of motors: Dc motors

Dc motors can be classified into three categories:

Brushed DC motors:

Brushed dc motors are the simplest and most common type of DC motor. They have a commutator and brushes that are used to switch the current to the rotor. Brushed DC motors are relatively inexpensive and easy to control, but they require more maintenance than brushless DC motors.

Types of brushed dc motors:

  • Permanent magnet brush
  • shunt-wound
  • series-wound
  • compound-wound

Brushless DC motors:

Brushless dc motors do not have a commutator or brushes. Instead, they use electronic sensors to determine the position of the rotor and switch the current accordingly. Brushless DC motors are more efficient and reliable than brushed DC motors, but they are also more expensive.

Types of brushless dc motors are:

  • In-runner brushless
  • Out-runner brushless

Types of motors: Special purpose motors

Types of special purpose motors are:

  • Servo motor
  • Stepper motor
  • Linear motor
  • Pancake motor
  • Direct drive motor

20 Types of motors

Here are 20 types of motors:

Serial Number Motor Type
01 Electric Motor
02 Induction Motor
03 DC Motor
04 Stepper Motor
05 Synchronous Motor
06 Brushless Motor
07 AC Motor
08 Gear Motor
09 Servo Motor
10 Linear Motor
11 Universal Motor
12 Hydraulic Motor
13 Pneumatic Motor
14 Permanent Magnet Motor
15 Reluctance Motor
16 Single-Phase Motor
17 Three-Phase Motor
18 Shaded Pole Motor
19 Double Cage Rotor Motor
20 Homopolar Motor
Types of motors in english with picture. Electric motors
Types of motors

Common Types of motors:

  • Electric Motors: Use electricity to make things move. Common in appliances and machines.
  • DC Motors: Run on batteries, found in toys and small electronics.
  • AC Motors: Use electricity from outlets, found in household appliances and industrial machines.
  • Induction Motors: Common in homes and factories, easy to use and durable.
  • Synchronous Motors: Keep a constant speed, used in clocks and timers.
  • Stepper Motors: Move in steps, precise control, used in 3D printers and robots.
  • Servo Motors: Controlled by pulses, used in remote-controlled devices and robotics.
  • Brushless Motors: Efficient, long-lasting, used in fans and computer hard drives.
  • Universal Motors: Run on both AC and DC, versatile, found in power tools and vacuum cleaners.
  • Linear Motors: Create straight-line motion, used in trains and conveyor belts.
  • Hydraulic Motors: Use fluid pressure to move, found in heavy machinery and vehicles.
  • Pneumatic Motors: Use compressed air for motion, common in industrial applications.
  • Hysteresis Motors: Smooth and quiet, used in clocks and small appliances.
  • Reluctance Motors: Energy-efficient, used in washing machines.
  • Switched Reluctance Motors: Variable speed, used in electric vehicles.
  • Traction Motors: Propel vehicles, found in trains and electric cars.
  • Piezoelectric Motors: Very small, precise motion, used in electronics and medical devices.
  • Voice Coil Motors (VCM): Linear motion, used in camera lenses for focusing.
  • Eddy Current Brakes: Create resistance to slow down objects, used in trains and roller coasters.
  • Jet Engines: Propel aircraft, work by pushing air backward to move forward.


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