Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules with Examples

Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules with Examples.In Active Voice doer is important and in Passive Voice doer is not important; the action is important.

Active Voice and Passive Voice

Active voice is what is most commonly used while speaking and writing. In active voice the subject is doing the action and the object is receiving the action, The verb form in active voice depends on the tense the sentence is in.

In passive voice the subject and object switch places, which means that the subject receives the action and the object does the action. The passive voice uses the word by before its object and the past participle form of the verb.

Passive voice is a roundabout way of expressing the same thing as the active voice. We usually use passive voice more in writing than in speaking when our focus is on the action and not on its doer or when we don’t know who the doer of the action is.

Simple Present Tense
PassivePicturesare paintedby Alex.
Present Continuous Tense
ActiveAlexis paintingpictures.
PassivePicturesare being paintedby Alex.
Present Perfect Tense
ActiveAlexhas paintedpictures.
PassivePictureshave been paintedby Aiex.


Simple Past Tense
PassivePictures     Were paintedby Alex.
Past Continuous Tense
ActiveAl exwas paintingPictures.
PassivePictureswere being paintedby Alex,
Past Perfect Tense
ActiveAlexhad paintedPictures.
PassivePictureshad been paintedby Alex.


Simple Future Tense
ActiveAlexwill paintpictures.
PassivePictureswill be paintedby Alex.
Future Perfect Tense
ActiveAlexwill have paintedpictures.
PassivePictureswill have been paintedby Alex.

It should be noted that the following lenses are not changed passiveness voice:

1. Present perfect continuous tense

2. Past perfect continuous tense

3. Future continuous tense.

4. Future perfect continuous tense

Some more examples

1)    Active :Bob drives a tractor.

        Passive : A tractor is driven by Bob.

2)    Active : Fiona is making clay pots.

        Passive : Clay pots are being made by Fiona.

3)    Active: Mom has cooked dinner.

        Passive: Dinner has been cooked by Mom.

4)    Active : lane washed the dishes.

        Passive : The dishes were washed by lane.

5)    Active :The children were reading books.

        Passive : Books were being read by the children.

6)   Active : Veronica had finished her homework.

       Passive The homework had been finished by Veronica.

7)   Active : Lack will drop Harry at school.

       Passive : Harry will be dropped at school by lack.

8)   Active : Julia will have eaten the chocolates.

       Passive: The chocolates will have been eaten by Julia.

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Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules with Examples

Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules for future tense





















Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules for present tense





















Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules for past tense


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