Conjunction Definition and Types with Examples

Conjunctions in English

Conjunctions are like little helpers in our sentences, joining words and ideas together. They might seem small, but they do big jobs. From simple words like ‘and’ and ‘but’ to fancier ones like ‘although’ and ‘however’, they help us make sense when we talk or write. In this article, we’ll explore what conjunctions are, what they do, and why they’re important for making our words flow smoothly.

What is a Conjunction?

A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence. It helps to join different parts of a sentence together to show relationships between them, such as adding similar ideas (using “and”), showing contrast (using “but”), or indicating alternatives (using “or”). Conjunctions play a crucial role in making sentences clearer and more coherent by linking related thoughts or actions.

Example Sentences:

Here are some example sentences showcasing different conjunctions:

  1. She likes both tea and coffee.
  2. He’s tall, but she’s short.
  3. I wanted to go but it was raining.
  4. He is rich, yet he is unhappy.
  5. You can have cake or ice cream for dessert.
  6. She’ll either come or she’ll call.
  7. I’ll go to the store and buy some groceries.
  8. I’m tired, so I’m going to bed early.
  9. He is smart but lazy.
  10. We can go to the beach if it’s sunny.
  11. She didn’t study, yet she passed the exam.
  12. I’ll finish my work then I’ll go for a walk.
  13. He wanted to go out but he had no money.
  14. She’s happy because she got a promotion.
  15. I’m going to the party although I’m tired.
  16. He likes swimming as well as diving.
  17. I’ll go to the gym or I’ll go for a run.
  18. He was sick so he stayed home.
  19. She ran fast and won the race.
  20. I’ll help you if you ask nicely.
  21. She is busy yet she finds time to read.
  22. He neither eats meat nor drinks alcohol.
  23. I’ll finish my homework before I watch TV.
  24. They’ll go to the concert unless it’s too expensive.
  25. She’ll come once she finishes her chores.
  26. He works hard but he never complains.
  27. We’ll go to the beach although it’s cold.
  28. She likes both chocolate and vanilla ice cream.
  29. I’ll call you when I arrive.
  30. He’ll either play soccer or basketball tonight.

List of Conjunction

Here’s a list of common conjunction:

  • and
  • or
  • but
  • yet
  • so
  • for
  • nor
  • although
  • because
  • since
  • while
  • when
  • before
  • after
  • if
  • unless
  • whether
  • either
  • neither
  • both
  • as
  • as if
  • as though
  • even though
  • provided
  • so that
  • in order that
  • than
  • as well as
  • like
  • as if
  • as though
  • once
  • since
  • now that
  • as long as
  • so long as
  • whether or not
  • just as
  • even if
  • whereas
  • wherefore
  • inasmuch as
  • given that
  • now
  • then
  • but then
  • then again
  • though
  • albeit
  • notwithstanding
  • however
  • nevertheless
  • nonetheless
  • still
  • yet
  • whereas
  • conversely
  • on the other hand
  • despite
  • in spite of
  • regardless
  • in any case
  • all the same
  • granted
  • notwithstanding
  • for all that
  • with this in mind
  • hence
  • thus
  • therefore
  • consequently
  • as a result
  • accordingly
  • as such
  • then
  • as a consequence
  • for this reason
  • in conclusion
  • finally
  • in sum
  • to sum up
  • on the whole
  • in short
  • all in all
  • by and large
  • in the final analysis
  • considering this
  • taking everything into account
  • altogether
  • overall
  • in essence
  • to conclude
  • as a whole
  • briefly
  • to summarize
  • to put it briefly
  • to summarize
  • to sum up
  • henceforth
  • thereafter
  • subsequently
  • subsequently to
  • afterward
  • posthumously
  • later
  • then
  • next
  • first
  • second
  • third
  • fourth
  • finally
  • lastly
  • after a while
  • soon
  • presently
  • momentarily
  • in a moment
  • immediately
  • shortly
  • forthwith
  • in no time
  • without delay
  • at once
  • instantly
  • right away
  • on time
  • punctually
  • later on
  • afterward
  • eventually
  • at length
  • sooner or later
  • in due course
  • in time
  • over time
  • gradually
  • step by step
  • bit by bit
  • little by little
  • by degrees
  • slowly but surely
  • by and by
  • at that moment
  • at that point
  • at that time
  • then
  • when
  • while
  • as
  • until
  • till
  • during
  • before
  • after
  • since
  • whenever
  • as soon as
  • the moment
  • the instant
  • as long as
  • once
  • just as
  • no sooner than
  • barely
  • hardly
  • scarcely
  • just
  • nearly
  • almost
  • about
  • approximately
  • around
  • roughly
  • more or less
  • in the vicinity of
  • somewhere around
  • close to
  • near
  • by
  • adjacent to
  • bordering on
  • touching on
  • besides
  • furthermore
  • moreover
  • additionally
  • also
  • as well
  • further
  • to boot
  • in addition
  • not only
  • but also
  • equally
  • likewise
  • equally important
  • similarly
  • likewise

Conjunction Rules

Conjunctions are a crucial part of English grammar, linking words, phrases, or clauses together to form coherent sentences. Here are some important rules and guidelines for using conjunctions effectively:

  1. Joining Words:
    • Conjunctions are like little bridges that connect words or ideas in a sentence.
  2. Different Types:
    • There are different kinds of conjunctions for different jobs. Some are for joining similar things, like “and” or “or.” Others are for showing contrast, like “but.”
  3. Making Sentences Clear:
    • Conjunctions help make sentences clear and understandable by showing how different parts of a sentence relate to each other.
  4. Use Commas with Care:
    • When you use a conjunction to join two sentences, you usually put a comma before it to keep things clear.
  5. Keep Things Balanced:
    • When you’re using conjunctions to list things, make sure they’re all in the same form to keep your sentence balanced and easy to follow.
  6. Avoiding Confusion:
    • Be careful not to use a comma by itself to join two sentences. It might confuse people. Instead, use a conjunction or a semicolon.
  7. Choose the Right Conjunction:
    • Pick the conjunction that fits the relationship between the ideas you’re connecting. Whether it’s adding information, showing contrast, or explaining cause and effect, choose the right one for the job.

Remembering these simple rules can help you use conjunctions effectively to improve your writing and make your sentences clearer.

Types of Conjunction

Conjunctions are words that connect words, phrases, or clauses within a sentence. Here are the main types of conjunctions:

Coordinating Conjunctions

These join words, phrases, or independent clauses of equal importance. The common coordinating conjunctions are:

  • For
  • And
  • Nor
  • But
  • Or
  • Yet
  • So
Coordinating Conjunctions
Coordinating Conjunctions

Subordinating Conjunctions

These introduce dependent clauses, which cannot stand alone as complete sentences. They indicate the relationship between the dependent clause and the independent clause. Examples include:

  • After
  • Although
  • Because
  • Since
  • When
  • While
Subordinating Conjunctions
Subordinating Conjunctions

Correlative Conjunctions

These are pairs of conjunctions that work together to join words or groups of words in a sentence. The common correlative conjunctions include:

  • Either…or
  • Neither…nor
  • Both…and
  • Not only…but also
  • Whether…or

Each type of conjunction serves a specific purpose in connecting elements within sentences to convey meaning effectively.

Use of Conjunction

The use of conjunctions is crucial in language to connect words, phrases, or clauses within a sentence. Here are some key ways in which conjunctions are used:

  1. Joining Words: Conjunctions link individual words within a sentence. For example:
    • “I like tea and coffee.”
    • “She is tall but slim.”
    • “He is neither tall nor slim.”
  2. Connecting Phrases: Conjunctions also connect phrases to create more complex sentence structures. For example:
    • “She went to the store after work.”
    • “He plays soccer as if he’s a professional.”
    • “They enjoyed the movie because of its thrilling plot.”
  3. Combining Clauses: Conjunctions join independent clauses to form compound sentences or connect dependent clauses to independent clauses. For example:
    • Compound Sentence: “He likes to read, and she likes to write.”
    • Complex Sentence: “I will go to the park if the weather is nice.”
  4. Expressing Relationships: Conjunctions convey various relationships between the connected elements, such as addition, contrast, reason, condition, time, and purpose. For example:
    • Addition: “He and she are siblings.”
    • Contrast: “It’s raining but we’re still going out.”
    • Reason: “She is studying hard because she wants to pass the exam.”
    • Condition: “If it snows, we will build a snowman.”
    • Time: “She will call when she arrives.”
    • Purpose: “He went to the store to buy some groceries.”
  5. Forming Lists: Conjunctions are used to connect items in a list. For example:
    • “I bought apples, bananas, and oranges.”
    • “She can speak English, French, and Spanish.”

Overall, conjunctions play a vital role in creating coherent and structured sentences by linking various elements and expressing relationships between them.

Common Mistakes

Common mistakes related to conjunctions often involve their misuse or improper placement within a sentence. Here are a few examples:

  1. Using “and,” “but,” or “or” to connect things: Just remember, “and” adds stuff, “but” shows contrast, and “or” gives options.
  2. Putting a comma before “and”: If you’re connecting two sentences with “and,” put a comma before it, like this: “She ran home, and she got there just in time.”
  3. Using “either…or” and “neither…nor” together: These pairs always go together. For example, “You can have either tea or coffee.”
  4. Choosing “since” or “because”: Use “since” when talking about time or cause, like “Since it’s raining, we’ll stay inside.” Use “because” when giving a reason, like “We stayed inside because it’s raining.”
  5. Not using a comma with “because”: Usually, you don’t need a comma before “because” unless it’s a really long sentence. For example, “She left early because she had to catch a bus.”

Remembering these simple tips can help you use conjunctions correctly in your writing!


  1. What type of conjunction connects two equal parts of a sentence?
    • Coordinating
    • Subordinating
  2. Which pair of words form a correlative conjunction?
    • Either/Or
    • Because/While
  3. What conjunction is used to express contrast?
    • But
    • And
  4. Which conjunction introduces a dependent clause?
    • Since
    • And
  5. What type of conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses of equal importance?
    • Coordinating
    • Subordinating
  6. Which conjunction can be used to join two independent clauses without a comma?
    • And
    • But
  7. What conjunction is used to show alternatives?
    • Or
    • Yet
  8. Which pair of words is NOT a correlative conjunction?
    • And/Or
    • Both/And
  9. What type of conjunction connects words or groups of words that have equal grammatical weight in a sentence?
    • Coordinating
    • Subordinating
  10. What conjunction is used to indicate a reason or cause?
    • Because
    • Nor
  11. Which conjunction is used to indicate time?
    • When
    • But
  12. What type of conjunction joins clauses in a way that one is dependent on the other?
    • Subordinating
    • Coordinating
  13. What conjunction introduces a clause that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence?
    • Since
    • Although
  14. Which correlative conjunction pair is used to present two alternatives?
    • Either/Or
    • Not/But
  15. What conjunction is used to connect similar ideas or elements?
    • And
    • Or


  1. Coordinating
  2. Either/Or
  3. But
  4. Since
  5. Coordinating
  6. And
  7. Or
  8. And/Or
  9. Coordinating
  10. Because
  11. When
  12. Subordinating
  13. Although
  14. Either/Or
  15. And


Q1. What is a conjunction?

A word that connects words, phrases, or clauses within a sentence.

Q2. What are the different types of conjunctions?

There are three main types: coordinating, subordinating, and correlative.

Q3. What do coordinating conjunctions do?

Coordinating conjunctions join words, phrases, or independent clauses of equal importance. Common coordinating conjunctions include “and,” “but,” “or,” “nor,” “for,” “yet,” and “so.”

Q4. What is the function of subordinating conjunctions?

Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses, which cannot stand alone as complete sentences. They indicate the relationship between the dependent clause and the independent clause.

Q5. Can you provide examples of subordinating conjunctions?

Examples include “because,” “since,” “although,” “when,” “while,” “if,” “until,” and “unless.”

Q6. What are correlative conjunctions used for?

Correlative conjunctions are pairs of words that work together to join words, phrases, or clauses. They include pairs like “either…or,” “neither…nor,” “both…and,” “not only…but also,” and “whether…or.”

Q7. How can I avoid common mistakes with conjunctions?

To avoid common mistakes, remember to use coordinating conjunctions properly to avoid sentence fragments or run-on sentences, use commas before “and” when joining independent clauses, place correlative conjunctions correctly, and choose the appropriate conjunction for the intended meaning.

Q8. Can conjunctions change the meaning of a sentence?

Yes, the choice of conjunction can affect the meaning and structure of a sentence. Different conjunctions convey different relationships between the connected elements.

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