Dependent Clauses: Examples and a Quiz

Dependent Clauses: Examples and a Quiz

Understanding the structure and function of dependent clauses is essential for developing strong writing and communication skills. A dependent clause, also known as a subordinate clause, relies on an independent clause to form a complete sentence. In this blog post, we will delve into the concept of dependent clauses, provide example sentences to illustrate their usage and conclude with a quiz to test your understanding. Let’s dive in!

What is a Dependent Clause?

A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb but cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. It relies on an independent clause to provide the necessary context or information to make sense. Dependent clauses often begin with subordinating conjunctions or relative pronouns.

Example Sentences:

  1. When the sun sets, the stars come out. (dependent clause marked in bold)
  2. I will go to the park if it stops raining. (dependent clause marked in bold)
  3. The movie that we watched last night was fantastic. (dependent clause marked in bold)
  4. Although it was raining, they decided to go for a walk.
  5. I will go to the party if I finish my work on time.
  6. Because she studied hard, she aced the exam.
  7. Before I leave the house, I always check if I have my keys.
  8. We’ll have a picnic unless it starts to thunder.
  9. When the bell rang, the students rushed out of the classroom.
  10. I can’t go out tonight unless I finish my homework.
  11. Since it’s your birthday, I bought you a present.
  12. She always takes a jacket with her in case it gets cold.
  13. Though he tried his best, he couldn’t solve the puzzle.
  14. We’ll go swimming as soon as the pool opens.
  15. The cat ran away because the door was left open.
  16. I won’t be able to attend the meeting unless I rearrange my schedule.
  17. Until you apologize, I won’t forgive you.
  18. She’ll start the project tomorrow once she gets the necessary materials.
  19. I’ll call you when I reach the airport.
  20. He passed the exam even though he didn’t study much.
  21. I can’t go to the party if I have to work late.
  22. She was happy because she received a promotion.
  23. Before you go to bed, remember to brush your teeth.
  24. We’ll go hiking provided that the weather is good.
  25. I’ll make dinner when I get home from work.
  26. The bookshelf fell because it wasn’t properly secured.
  27. She’ll buy a new car once she saves enough money.
  28. I’ll give you the book back when I’m done reading it.
  29. If it snows tomorrow, we can build a snowman.
  30. Because he was tired, he decided to take a nap.
  31. We’ll go to the park as long as it doesn’t rain.
  32. She couldn’t sleep since there was too much noise outside.
  33. He’ll join the team unless he has other commitments.

Types of Dependent Clauses:

Dependent clauses can be categorized into different types based on their function or the relationship they establish with the independent clause. Let’s explore a few common types:

1. Adverbial Clauses:

Adverbial clauses modify the verb in the independent clause and provide information about time, place, manner, condition, or purpose.

Example: She went to bed after she finished reading her book.

2. Adjectival Clauses:

Adjectival clauses modify a noun in the independent clause and provide additional information or description.

Example: The house that is painted blue is mine.

3. Noun Clauses:

Noun clauses function as a noun in the independent clause and can act as the subject, object, or complement.

Example: What she said made me smile.

Dependent Clause Words

When writing a dependent clause, various words and phrases can be used to indicate its subordinate nature. These words and phrases are known as subordinating conjunctions and relative pronouns. Here is a list of commonly used words in dependent clauses:

Subordinating Conjunctions:

  1. After
  2. Although
  3. As
  4. Because
  5. Before
  6. Even if
  7. If
  8. Since
  9. Though
  10. Unless
  11. Until
  12. When
  13. Whenever
  14. Where
  15. Whereas
  16. While

Relative Pronouns:

  1. That
  2. Which
  3. Who
  4. Whom
  5. Whose
  6. Where
  7. When


Now, let’s put your knowledge to the test! Identify the type of dependent clause in each of the following sentences. The solutions will be provided at the end.

  1. He couldn’t concentrate on his work because his phone kept buzzing.
  2. We can go to the park whenever you’re ready.
  3. The dog that we adopted from the shelter is very friendly.
  4. Whether she likes it or not, she has to attend the meeting.


  1. Adverbial Clause
  2. Adverbial Clause
  3. Adjectival Clause
  4. Noun Clause

Congratulations on completing the quiz! Now that you’ve refreshed your understanding of dependent clauses, you can confidently incorporate them into your writing to add depth and complexity to your sentences.

In conclusion, dependent clauses play a crucial role in sentence structure, providing additional information and establishing relationships with independent clauses. By identifying and utilizing different types of dependent clauses, such as adverbial, adjectival, and noun clauses, you can elevate your writing and express your thoughts with precision.

Continue practicing your knowledge of dependent clauses, and soon you’ll master their usage effortlessly. Remember to pay attention to subordinating conjunctions and relative pronouns that signal the presence of a dependent clause. Happy writing!

Note: The quiz and solution section adds an interactive element to the blog post, engaging readers and testing their understanding of dependent clauses. It also encourages them to apply the concepts they have learned.

Examples of Dependent Clause

Complex Sentence Examples & Definition

Complex Sentences uses in English Grammar

Independent Clauses: 30 Examples and a Quiz

Independent Clauses: 30 Examples and a Quiz