A verb is a word that describes an action, occurrence, or state of being. Verbs are often called the “doing” words of a sentence because they express actions or states of being.
For example, in the sentence “She walks to the store,” the verb “walks” describes the action that she is performing. In the sentence “He is happy,” the verb “is” describes the state of being that he is currently in.
Verbs can also be used to show tense, mood, and voice. Tense refers to when an action takes place (past, present, or future), mood refers to the attitude or intention of the speaker (indicative, imperative, subjunctive), and voice refers to the relationship between the subject and the action (active or passive).
Verbs are an essential part of a sentence, and they are often the main component of a sentence’s predicate.
There are several types of verbs in English, including:
1- Action Verb:
An action verb is a verb that describes a physical or mental action performed by the subject of the sentence. It is a type of verb that indicates that the subject is doing something or taking some action. Examples of action verbs include “run,” “walk,” “jump,” “eat,” “think,” “laugh,” “write,” and “play.”
Action verbs can be used in different tenses, such as present, past, or future, to indicate the timing of the action. For example, “I run every day,” “I ran yesterday,” and “I will run tomorrow” are all sentences that use the action verb “run” in different tenses to describe when the action takes place.
Action verbs can also be transitive or intransitive. Transitive action verbs are followed by a direct object, which receives the action of the verb. For example, in the sentence “I ate an apple,” the action verb “ate” is transitive, and “an apple” is the direct object. Intransitive action verbs do not require a direct object. For example, in the sentence “He laughed,” the action verb “laughed” is intransitive and does not have a direct object.
Common Verb List
|Lie (not to tell the truth)||Prevent||Drink|
2- Linking Verbs
Linking verbs are verbs that connect the subject of a sentence to a predicate or a subject complement. They do not show action, but instead express a state of being, condition, or identity. Examples of linking verbs include “be,” “appear,” “seem,” “become,” “feel,” “look,” “sound,” and “taste.”
She looks happy. (“looks” is the linking verb that connects “she” to the predicate adjective “happy”)
The cake smells delicious. (“Smells” is the linking verb that connects “the cake” to the predicate adjective “delicious”)
He became a doctor. (“Became” is the linking verb that connects “he” to the subject complement “a doctor”)
Here is a list of 50 common linking verbs:
These verbs function as linking verbs when they connect the subject of a sentence to a subject complement, describing or identifying the subject.
3 – Helping Verbs
Helping verbs, also known as auxiliary verbs, are verbs that are used together with a main verb to indicate tense, voice, mood, or aspect. The most common helping verbs in English include “be,” “do,” and “have.” Other helping verbs include “will,” “would,” “shall,” “should,” “can,” “could,” “may,” “might,” “must,” and “ought to.”
Here are some examples of helping verbs in action:
She is singing a song. (The helping verb “is” indicates the present continuous tense.)
They have finished their homework. (The helping verb “have” indicates the present perfect tense.)
He will be going to the party tonight. (The helping verb “will” indicates the future tense.)
I should have studied more for the exam. (The helping verbs “should” and “have” indicate the past tense and the modal mood, respectively.)
4 – Modal Verbs
Modal verbs are a type of auxiliary verbs that express modality, which refers to the speaker’s attitude towards the action or state expressed by the main verb. Modal verbs are used to indicate ability, possibility, necessity, permission, advice, and other modalities.
Here are some examples of modal verbs:
Can: expresses ability or possibility, e.g., “I can swim” or “It can rain today.”
Could: expresses past ability or possibility, e.g., “I could swim when I was younger” or “It could have been worse.”
May: expresses possibility or permission, e.g., “It may rain tomorrow” or “May I borrow your pencil?”
Might: expresses possibility or uncertainty, e.g., “He might come to the party” or “I might take a nap later.”
Must: expresses necessity or obligation, e.g., “I must finish my homework” or “You must follow the rules.”
Should: expresses advice or recommendation, e.g., “You should study for the exam” or “We should go to bed early.”
Would: expresses willingness or preference, e.g., “I would like some tea” or “Would you mind helping me?”
Modal verbs are important in English because they allow speakers to convey a wide range of meanings and attitudes toward the actions or events they are describing.
5 – Transitive verbs
Transitive verbs are verbs that require an object to complete their meaning in a sentence. In other words, they are action verbs that require a direct object to receive the action.
Here are some examples of transitive verbs:
He threw the ball. (“threw” is the transitive verb and “ball” is the direct object)
She ate the sandwich. (“ate” is the transitive verb and “sandwich” is the direct object)
They built a house. (“Built” is the transitive verb and “house” is the direct object)
I wrote a letter. (“wrote” is the transitive verb and “letter” is the direct object)
The dog chased the cat. (“Chased” is the transitive verb and “cat” is the direct object)
Transitive verbs are important because they allow us to describe actions that are being performed on specific objects. In a sentence, the direct object usually follows the transitive verb and helps to clarify the action being performed. Without a direct object, the meaning of a transitive verb is incomplete.
Here are examples of transitive verbs:
6 – Intransitive verbs
Intransitive verbs are verbs that do not take an object. In other words, they are action verbs that do not transfer their action to a direct object. Instead, the action is complete on its own without requiring an object.
Examples of intransitive verbs:
The flowers bloomed.
He ran quickly.
The baby slept peacefully.
The bird flew away.
The car stopped suddenly.
The children played in the park.
The music played softly.
The leaves rustled in the wind.
Note that intransitive verbs can still have adverbs or prepositional phrases that modify the action. For example, “He ran quickly” has the adverb “quickly” modifying the action of “ran”. Similarly, “The bird flew away” has the prepositional phrase “away” modifying the action of “flew”.
Here are examples of intransitive verbs:
7 – Phrasal verbs
Phrasal verbs are verbs that consist of a main verb and one or more particles (such as prepositions, adverbs, or both) that function as a unit and often have a meaning that is different from the individual words. Phrasal verbs are commonly used in English and can often be idiomatic, meaning that their meaning may not be immediately apparent from the individual words.
Here are some examples of phrasal verbs:
Turn up: to appear unexpectedly
Example: I didn’t expect to see you here. How did you turn up?
Give up: to stop doing something
Example: I’m never going to give up trying to learn a new language.
Take off: to remove clothing or to leave a place quickly
Example: I need to take off this sweater. It’s too hot in here.
Run into: to meet someone unexpectedly
Example: I ran into an old friend from college at the supermarket yesterday.
Look after: to take care of someone or something
Example: Can you look after my dog while I’m out of town?
Get away with doing something wrong without being punished
Example: He always gets away with being late to work because his boss likes him.
Put off: to postpone or delay something
Example: I had to put off my vacation until next month because of work.
Call off: to cancel something
Example: The outdoor concert was called off due to the rain.
Bring up: to raise a topic for discussion
Example: I didn’t want to bring up the subject of politics at dinner, but my friend did.
Look for: to search for something
Example: I’m looking for my keys. Have you seen them anywhere?
8 – Regular Verb
A regular verb is a verb that forms its past tense and past participle by adding “-ed” to the base form of the verb. For example, the verb “walk” is a regular verb. Its past tense and past participle are formed by adding “-ed” to the base form, resulting in “walked.” Other examples of regular verbs include “talk,” “play,” “smile,” “laugh,” “work,” and “clean.”
9 – Irregular Verb
An irregular verb is a verb that does not follow the regular pattern of adding “-ed” to the base form of the verb to form its past tense and past participle. Instead, the past tense and past participle of an irregular verb is formed through a variety of ways, such as changing the vowel sound, adding a different ending, or having the same form as the base verb. Examples of irregular verbs include “go” (went, gone), “eat” (ate, eaten), “come” (came, come), “see” (saw, seen), “run” (ran, run), and “take” (took, taken). It’s important to memorize irregular verb forms since they don’t follow the standard “-ed” rule.
10 –Stative Verb
A stative verb is a verb that describes a state or condition rather than an action. Stative verbs usually refer to mental or emotional states, physical sensations, or characteristics or qualities of a person or thing that are not typically used in continuous or progressive tenses. Examples of stative verbs include “love,” “hate,” “believe,” “know,” “own,” “seem,” “appear,” “weigh,” “contain,” “resemble,” and “feel.” It’s important to note that stative verbs are not usually used in the continuous or progressive tenses, and are often used with non-action verbs such as “be” or “have.”
11 – Finite Verb
A finite verb is a verb that has a specific tense, mood, and subject-verb agreement to show when an action takes place and who or what is performing the action. In other words, a finite verb is a verb that is conjugated to agree with its subject in terms of person, number, and tense.
For example, in the sentence “She walks to school,” the verb “walks” is a finite verb because it is in the present tense, agrees with the subject “she,” and shows when the action takes place.
On the other hand, non-finite verbs are not conjugated to show tense or agreement with the subject, and they do not function as the main verb in a sentence. Examples of non-finite verbs include infinitives (to walk), gerunds (walking), and participles (walked).
12 – Infinite Verb
An infinite verb is a non-finite verb form that is not bound by tense, mood, or agreement with a subject. In other words, an infinite verb is a verb that is not conjugated and does not show when an action takes place or who or what is performing the action.
There are three types of infinite verbs in English:
Infinitive: This is the base form of a verb that is typically preceded by the word “to.” For example, “to walk,” “to talk,” and “to eat” are infinitives. Infinitives are often used as the subject or object of a sentence, or after certain verbs such as “want,” “need,” or “like.”
Gerund: This is a verb form that ends in “-ing” and functions as a noun. For example, “walking,” “talking,” and “eating” are gerunds. Gerunds can be used as the subject or object of a sentence, or as the object of a preposition.
Participle: This is a verb form that can function as an adjective or part of a verb tense. There are two types of participles: present participles (ending in “-ing”) and past participles (ending in “-ed”). For example, “walking” is a present participle and “walked” is a past participle. Participles are often used to form verb tenses, such as the present continuous tense (“She is walking”) or the past perfect tense (“He had walked”