Stative and Dynamic Verbs with Examples

Stative and Dynamic Verbs
Stative and Dynamic Verbs

Verbs are words that express actions or states of being in a sentence. They are essential for sentence formation and meaning. In this article, we will discuss two primary types of verbs: Stative and Dynamic Verbs. Stative verbs describe states or conditions, while dynamic verbs indicate actions or processes. Knowing the difference between these two categories can help you improve your writing skills and communicate more effectively. So, let’s begin!

What are Stative Verbs?

Stative verbs, which are also known as “state verbs,” are words that express a state or condition rather than an action that someone does in a sentence. They usually describe states of being, emotions, thoughts, senses, or ownership. Common stative verbs include “be,” “have,” “like,” “love,” “know,” “understand,” “want,” “see,” and “feel.”

For example, in the sentence “She owns a car,” the verb “owns” is a stative verb because it shows a state of possession rather than an action. Similarly, in “He feels happy,” the verb “feels” describes an emotional state. They are different from action verbs because action verbs describe activities or actions that someone performs physically or mentally.


  • She hates rainy days.
  • They believe in ghosts.
  • He seems tired today.
  • They dislike spicy food.
  • I love chocolate ice cream.

Stative Verbs List

Here is a list of commonly used stative verbs:

  • be
  • have
  • like
  • love
  • hate
  • prefer
  • want
  • need
  • belong
  • own
  • possess
  • understand
  • know
  • remember
  • forget
  • believe
  • doubt
  • recognize
  • realize
  • seem
  • appear
  • resemble
  • sound
  • taste
  • smell
  • look
  • feel
  • think
  • agree
  • disagree
  • desire
  • wish
  • hope
  • fear
  • suppose
  • expect
  • appreciate
  • enjoy
  • dislike
  • mind
  • care
  • concern
  • consist
  • contain
  • depend
  • matter
  • weigh
  • cost
  • owe
  • mean
  • imply
  • include
  • exclude
  • need
  • deserve
  • value
  • satisfy
  • surprise
  • deny
  • doubt
Stative Verbs
Stative Verbs

What are Dynamic Verbs?

Dynamic verbs, also known as action verbs, are words that express actions, activities, or processes that can be observed or experienced. These verbs depict dynamic actions, meaning they involve movement or change. Unlike stative verbs, which describe states or conditions, dynamic verbs convey actions that have a clear beginning and end.

Dynamic verbs can describe physical actions, such as “run,” “jump,” or “swim,” as well as mental or emotional activities like “think,” “feel,” or “imagine.” They represent activities that can be actively performed and often involve an agent or subject acting. For example, in the sentence “She runs every morning,” the verb “runs” is dynamic because it shows the action of running.


  • They played soccer in the park.
  • The baby cried for attention.
  • We cooked dinner together.
  • He ran to catch the bus.
  • They laughed at the funny joke.

Dynamic Verbs List

Here is a list of commonly used dynamic verbs:

  • Run
  • Walk
  • Jump
  • Swim
  • Dance
  • Talk
  • Speak
  • Strike
  • Laugh
  • Cry
  • Eat
  • Drink
  • Sleep
  • Cook
  • Bake
  • Drive
  • Ride
  • Fly
  • Climb
  • Play
  • Work
  • Study
  • Read
  • Write
  • Draw
  • Paint
  • Build
  • Create
  • Destroy
  • Clean
  • Wash
  • Brush
  • Throw
  • Catch
  • Kick
  • Punch
  • Push
  • Pull
  • Lift
  • Drop
  • Open
  • Close
  • Cut
  • Sew
  • Tie
  • Untie
  • Break
  • Fix
  • Ride
  • Drive
  • Shake
  • Bake
  • Balance
  • Bounce
  • Dig
  • Slide
  • Squeeze
  • Push
  • Pull
  • Bite
Dynamic Verbs
Dynamic Verbs

Stative & Dynamic Verbs Characteristics

Here are some basic characteristics of stative and dynamic verbs:

  • Stative Verbs:
    • Describe states, conditions, or feelings.
    • Convey stability or lack of change.
    • Express fixed or unchanging conditions.
    • Not typically used in continuous or progressive forms.
    • Often relate to mental states, emotions, or senses.
    • Examples: “know,” “believe,” “own,” “love.”
  • Dynamic Verbs:
    • Describe actions, processes, or activities.
    • Involve movement, change, or events.
    • Can be used in continuous or progressive forms.
    • Often relate to physical actions or observable events.
    • Express actions with a definite beginning and end.
    • Examples: “run,” “eat,” “write,” “build.”

Stative vs Dynamic Verbs Distinctions

  • Stative verbs describe states or conditions, like emotions or thoughts, while dynamic verbs describe actions or processes.
  • Stative verbs focus on how things are, while dynamic verbs emphasize what things do.
  • Stative verbs lack a clear start or finish, while dynamic verbs have a definite beginning and end.
  • Stative verbs typically don’t show ongoing action, while dynamic verbs often do.
  • Stative verbs aren’t usually used in continuous tenses, while dynamic verbs frequently are.
  • Stative verbs convey a fixed state; dynamic verbs suggest movement or change.
  • Stative verbs involve senses, emotions, or thoughts; dynamic verbs involve physical actions or processes.
  • Dynamic verbs often need an object (e.g., “eat dinner”), while stative verbs usually don’t.
  • Dynamic verbs include actions like “run,” “eat,” and “write”; stative verbs include states like “be,” “like,” and “belong.”
Stative vs Dynamic Verbs
Stative vs Dynamic Verbs

Stative Verbs vs Dynamic Verbs Chart

Key Differences:

Stative Verbs Dynamic Verbs
Describe states or conditions Describe actions or processes
 Focus on how things are Emphasize what things do
 Lack a clear start or finish Have a definite beginning and end
 Don’t show ongoing action Often show ongoing or continuous action
 Aren’t used in continuous tenses Often used in continuous tenses
 Convey a fixed state Suggest movement or change
 Involve senses, emotions, thoughts Involve physical actions or processes
 Don’t usually need objects Often need objects to complete meaning
 Include verbs like “be,” “like,” “belong” Include verbs like “run,” “eat,” “write”

Stative and Dynamic Verbs Examples

Dynamic Verbs:

  • She runs every morning.
  • He eats breakfast quickly.
  • She writes stories in her free time.
  • They paint the walls of the house.
  • She cooks dinner for her family.
  • He ate his lunch quickly.
  • She is studying for her exam.
  • She runs five miles every morning.
  • She drives to work every day.
  • He plants flowers in the garden.
  • He throws the ball to his friend.
  • The dog barks loudly at strangers.

Stative Verbs:

  • She is a teacher. (State of being)
  • She feels tired. (State of being)
  • They own a beautiful house. (Possession)
  • He knows Spanish. (Knowledge)
  • She loves chocolate. (Emotion)
  • The coffee tastes bitter. (Sensation)
  • He believes in ghosts. (Belief)
  • They seem happy. (Appearance)
  • She has a pet cat. (Possession)
  • He hates Mondays. (Emotion)
  • The cake smells delicious. (Stative)
  • The flowers smell lovely. (Sensation)

Stative and Dynamic Verbs Exercises

Choose whether the underlined verb is stative or dynamic.

  1. She knows the answer to the question.
    1. Stative
    2. Dynamic
  2. He is writing a novel about his travels.
    1. Stative
    2. Dynamic
  3. They own a beautiful house by the lake.
    1. Stative
    2. Dynamic
  4. The children are playing in the garden.
    1. Stative
    2. Dynamic
  5. She likes vanilla ice cream.
    1. Stative
    2. Dynamic
  6. He is driving to the airport to catch his flight.
    1. Stative
    2. Dynamic
  7. They understand the concept of teamwork.
    1. Stative
    2. Dynamic
  8. The flowers smell fragrant in the garden.
    1. Stative
    2. Dynamic
  9. She believes in living life to the fullest.
    1. Stative
    2. Dynamic
  10. He is cooking dinner for his family.
    1. Stative
    2. Dynamic


  1. a) Stative
  2. b) Dynamic
  3. a) Stative
  4. b) Dynamic
  5. a) Stative
  6. b) Dynamic
  7. a) Stative
  8. a) Stative
  9. a) Stative
  10. b) Dynamic


Q1. What are stative verbs?

Stative verbs describe states, conditions, or situations that are not actions or processes. They express feelings, thoughts, possession, senses, or relationships. Examples include: “be,” “seem,” “like,” “own,” “belong,” “know,” and “love.”

Q2. What are dynamic verbs?

Dynamic verbs describe actions, processes, or changes that happen and can be observed or experienced. They show activities, movements, or transitions from one state to another. Examples include: “run,” “eat,” “dance,” “write,” “play,” and “build.”

Q3. How can I differentiate between stative and dynamic verbs?

Stative verbs describe states or conditions that are usually unchanging, while dynamic verbs describe actions or processes that involve movement or change. Stative verbs often express feelings, thoughts, senses, or possession, while dynamic verbs involve physical actions or observable events.

Q4. Can a verb be both stative and dynamic?

Some verbs can function as both stative and dynamic, depending on the context and the meaning they convey. For example, the verb “have” can be stative when used to express possession (“She has a car”) and dynamic when used to indicate actions like experiencing or consuming (“She’s having dinner”).

Q5. Give example sentences of stative and dynamic verbs.

Here are some example sentences of stative and dynamic verbs:

  • She feels tired. (Stative)
  • He is watching a movie. (Dynamic)
  • He believes in ghosts. (Stative)
  • We are playing soccer. (Dynamic)
  • The cake smells delicious. (Stative)
  • They are laughing at the joke. (Dynamic)

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