Adjectives are ‘describing words’. They help describe nouns.
Mr. Wendon drives a long car.
Tom’s room is clean.
Your pillow is soft.
Joseph’s baby is cute.
- We use comparative adjectives when we compare two nouns. Comparative adjectives end in ‘er‘. We use the word than with comparative adjectives.
Mr. Wendon drives a longer car than Mr. Thompson.
Tom’s room is cleaner than Jim’s.
Your pillow is softer than mine.
Joseph’s baby is cuter than Sam’s.
- We use superlative adjectives when we compare more than two nouns. Superlative adjectives end in ‘est‘.
Mr. Wendon drives the longest car in the family.
Tom’s room is the cleanest in the house.
Your pillow is the softest.
Joseph’s baby is the cutest.
There are some comparative and superlative adjectives that do not end in ‘er‘ and ‘est‘. Instead, when they transform into comparative and superlative forms their spellings change into another word. Such adjectives are called irregular adjectives. There are very few irregular adjectives in the English language.
There are some adjective that do not change into comparative or superlative form at all. For such adjective we have to use the words “more” and “most” to show their comparative and superlative degrees.
|Beautiful||More beautiful||Most beautiful|
|Dangerous||More dangerous||Most dangerous|
|Worried||More worried||Most worried|
|Careful||More careful||Most careful|
|Boring||More boring||Most boring|
|Difficult||More difficult||Most difficult|
|Important||More important||Most important|
|Delicious||More delicious||Most delicious|
|Powerful||More powerful||Most powerful|
Use in sentences:
- Katherine Hepburn was the most graceful actress in Hollywood.
- The road to the lake is more dangerous than the road to the hill.
- Ronnie makes the most delicious cupcakes in town.