Articles A An The Rules | Use Article in English with Examples

a‘, ‘an‘, and ‘ the‘ are called articles.

Uses of ‘a’ and ‘an

We use ‘a’ and an‘ with singular countable noun.

We use a with a word beginning with the consonant sound.

e.g. a book, a university, a young man, a table, etc.

We use ‘an‘ with a word beginning with a vowel sound.

e.g. an elephant, an hour, an heir, an orange, etc.

Use of ‘the

  1. Unique things.

e.g. the sun, the moon, the sky, the environment, etc.

  1. Singular nouns representing the whole class.

e.g. the rose, the computer, the teacher, the scientist, etc.

  1. Superlative degrees of adjectives.

e.g. the tallest, the coldest, the most interesting thing, etc.

  1. Before adjectives used as nouns.

e.g. the rich, the poor, the disabled, the unemployed, the brace, etc. Note: only few adjectives are used as nouns.

  1. Before names of newspapers, magazines,

 e.g. the Newsweek, the Time, etc.

  1. Before ordinals.

e.g. the first, the next, the last, the third, etc.

  1. Before Holy Books.

e.g. the Quran, the Bible, the Ramayana. etc.

  1. Before the nouns which are in context.

e.g. the window, the kitchen, the door, the TV, etc.

  1. When a thing is mentioned the second time.

e.g. I collided with a tree. The tree was in the center of the road.

I met a boy yesterday the boy could speak many languages fluently.

Omission of ‘the

  1. before proper nouns
  2. before abstract nouns
  3. before material nouns
  4. before names of meals
  5. before names of languages
  6. before names of relations
  7. before names of games
  8. before names of diseases
  9. before names of colours
  10. before fixed phrases, e.g. by bus, by air, catch fire, in trouble, in debt, at home, on duty, on time, etc.

Articles A An The Rules

An and A used for